Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Biomedical Studies

Spalding KL, Bergmann O, Alkass K, Bernard S, Salehpour M, Huttner H, Boström E, Westerlund I, Buchholz BA, Possnert G, Mash D, Druid H, Frisén J. (2013) Dynamics of hippocampal neurogenesis in adult humans. Cell 153 (6): 1219-1227.


Arner P, Bernard S, Salehpour M, Possnert G, Liebl J, Steier P, Buchholz BA, Eriksson M, Arner E, Hauner H, Skurk T, Rydén M, Frayn KN, Spalding KL. (2011) Dynamics of human adipose lipid turnover in health and metabolic disease. Nature 478:110-113.


Stewart BJ, Navid A, Turteltaub KW, Bench G. (2010) Yeast dynamic metabolic flux measurement in nutrient-rich media by HPLC and accelerator mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 82(23):9812-7.


Jubert C, Mata J, Bench G, Dashwood R, Pereira C, Tracewell W, Turteltaub K, Williams D, and Bailey G. (2009) Effects of chlorophyll and chlorophyllin on low-dose aflatoxin B1 pharmacokinetics in human volunteers: A pilot study. Cancer Prevention Research 2(12): 1015-22.


Bergmann O, Bhardwaj RD, Bernard S, Zdunek S, Barnabé-Heider F, Walsh S, Zupicich J, Alkass K, Buchholz BA, Druid H, Jovinge S, Frisén J. (2009) Evidence for cardiomyocyte renewal in humans. Science 324: 98-102.


Carkeet C, Dueker SR, Lango J, Buchholz BA, Miller JW, Green R, Hammock BD, Roth JR, Anderson PJ. (2006) Human vitamin B12 absorption measurement by accelerator mass spectrometry using specifically labeled 14C-cobalamin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA, 103 5694-5699.


Spalding KL, Bhardwaj RD,Buchholz BA, Druid H, Frisén J. (2005) Retrospective Birth Dating of Cells. Cell 122:133-143.


Ting LM, Shi W, Lewandowicz A, Singh V, Mwakingwe A, Birck MR, Taylor Ringia EA, Bench G, Madrid DC, Tyler PC, Evans GB, Furneaux RH, Schramm VL, Kami, K. (2005) Targeting a Novel Plasmodium falciparum Purine Recycling Pathway with Specific Immucillins. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280(10), 9547 – 9554.


Lin YM, Dueker SR, Follett JR, Fadel JG, Arjomand A, Schneider PD, Miller JW, Green R, Buchholz BA, Vogel JS, Phair RD, and Clifford AJ. (2004) Quantitation of in vivo human folate metabolism. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 80: 680-691.

Williams KE, Carver TA, Miranda JJ, Kautiainen A, Vogel JS, Dingley K, Baldwin MA, Turteltaub KW, Burlingame AL. (2002) Attomole detection of in vivo protein targets of benzene in mice: evidence for a highly reactive metabolite. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics. 11:885-95.


Buchholz BA, Fultz E, Haack KW, Vogel JS, Gilman SD, Gee S, Hammock BD, Hui X, Wester RC, Maibach HI. (1999) HPLC-AMS Measurement of Atrazine Metabolites in Human Urine after Dermal Exposure, Analytical Chemistry 71: 3519-3525


Buchholz BA, Arjomand A, Dueker SR, Schneider PD, Clifford AJ, Vogel JS. (1999) Intrinsic Erythrocyte Labeling and Attomole Pharmacokinetic Tracing of 14C-Folic Acid with Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Analytical. Biochemistry. 269: 348-352.


Forensic Studies

Sarachine Falso MJ, Buchholz BA. (2013) Bomb Pulse Biology. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms. 294:666-670.


Alkass K, Saitoh H, Buchholz BA, Bernard S, Holmlund G, Senn DR, Spalding KL, Druid H. (2013) Analysis of radiocarbon, stable isotopes and DNA in teeth to facilitate identification of unknown decedents. PLoS ONE 8(7): e69597.


Tumey SJ, Kristo MJ. (2013) The state of nuclear forensics Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms 294: 656-66.


Buchholz BA, Biegalski SR, Whitney SM, Tumey SJ, Weaver CJ (2010) Basis for developing samarium AMS for fuel cycle analysis. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms 268: 773-775.


Tumey SJ, Brown TA, Buchholz BA, Hamilton TF, Hutcheon ID, Williams RW. (2009) Ultra-sensitive measurements of 233U by accelerator mass spectrometry for national security applications. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 282: 721-724


Spalding KL, Buchholz BA, Druid H, Bergman L, Frisén J. (2005) Forensic Medicine: Age Written in Teeth by Nuclear Bomb Tests. Nature 437: 333-334.


Straume T, Rugel G, Marchetti AA, W. Ruhm, Korschinek G, McAninch JE, Carroll K, Egbert, S, Faestermann T, Knie K, Martinelli R, Wallner A, Wallner C. (2003) Measuring fast neutrons in Hiroshima at distances relevant to atomic-bomb survivors. Nature 424: 539-542.


Straume T, Egbert SD, Woolson WA, Finkel RC, Kubik PW, Gove HE, Sharma P, Hoshi M (1992) Neutron discrepancies in the DS86 Hiroshima dosimetry system. Health Physics 63: 421-426

Ion Beam Analysis/Materials Modification/Nuclear Physics

King WE, Tumey SJ, Rest J, Gilmer GH (2011) The effect of lattice and grain boundary diffusion on the redistribution of Xe in metallic nuclear fuels: Implications for the use of ion implantation to study fission-gas-bubble nucleation mechanisms. Journal of Nuclear Materials 415: 38-54.


Hsiung L, Fluss M, Tumey S, Kuntz J, El-Dasher B, Wall M, Choi B, Kimura A, Willaime F, Serruys Y. (2011) HRTEM study of oxide nanoparticles in K3-ODS ferritic steel developed for radiation tolerance. Journal of Nuclear Materials 409: 72–79.


Hsiung LL, Fluss MJ, Tumey SJ, Choi W, Serruys Y Willaime F, Kimura A. (2010) Formation mechanism and the role of nanoparticles in Fe-Cr ODS steels developed for radiation tolerance. Physical Review B 82: 18410.


Hoffman RD, Sheets SA, Burke JT, Scielzo ND, Rauscher T, Norman EB, Tumey S, Brown TA, Grant PG, Hurst AM, Phair L, Stoyer MA, Wooddy T, Fisker JL, and Bleuel D. (2010) Reaction Rate Sensitivity of 44Ti Production in Massive Stars and Implications of a Thick Target Yield Measurement of 40Ca(α, γ)44Ti. The Astrophysical Journal 715:1383–1399


Doty FP, Bauer CA, Skulan AJ, Grant PG, Allendorf MD. (2009) Scintillating Metal-Organic Frameworks: A New Class of Radiation Detection Materials. Advanced Materials 21: 95-101


Goodwin MB, Grant PG, Bench G. Holroyd PA. (2007). The elemental composition and diagenetic alteration of dinosaur bone: Distinguishing micron-scale spatial and composition heterogeneity using PIXE. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 253: 458-476


Graham GA, Grant PG, Chater RJ, Westphal AJ, Kearsley AT, Snead C, Dominguez G, Butterworth AL, McPhail DS, Bench G, Bradley, JP. (2004) Investigation of ion beam techniques for the in-situ analysis and exposure of particles encapsulated by silica aerogel: applicability For Stardust. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 39: 1461-1474.


Bench G, Grant PG, Ueda D, Cliff SS, Perry KD, and Cahill TA. (2002) The use of STIM and PESA to respectively measure profiles of aerosol mass and hydrogen content across Mylar rotating drum impactor samples. Aerosol Science and Technology, 36: 642-651.


Mauro T, Bench G, Sidderas-Haddad E, Feingold K, Elias P, Cullander C. (1998). Acute barrier perturbation abolishes the ca(2+) and k(+) gradients in murine epidermis: Quantitative measurement using PIXE. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 111: 1198-1201


Terrestrial Carbon Cycle

Phillips CL, McFarlane KJ, Risk D, Desai A. (2013). Biological and physical influences on soil 14CO2 seasonal dynamics in a temperature hardwood forest. Biogeosciences, 10, 7999-8012.


Heckman KA, Campbell JL, Powers H, Law BE, Swanston C, (2013). The Influence of Fire on the Radiocarbon Signature and Character of Soil Organic Matter in the Siskiyou National Forest, Oregon, USA. Fire Ecology, 9(2), 40-56.


McFarlane KJ, Torn MS, Hanson PJ, Porras RC , Swanston CW, Callaham Jr. MA, Guilderson TP. (2012). Comparison of soil organic matter dynamics at five temperate deciduous forests with physical fractionation and radiocarbon. Biogeochemistry, 112, 457-476.


Frank DA, Pontes AW, McFarlane KJ, (2012). Controls on soil carbon stocks and turnover among North American ecosystems. Ecosystems, 15, 604-615.


Heckman KA, Vazquez-Ortega A, Gao X, Chorover J, Craig Rasmussen C (2011). Changes in water extractable organic matter during incubation of forest floor material in the presence of quartz, goethite and gibbsite surfaces. Geochim et Cosmochim. Acta., 75(15), 4295-4309.


O'Brien S, Jastrow JD, McFarlane KJ, Guilderson TP, Gonzalez-Meler MA. (2011). Decadal cycling within long-lived carbon pools revealed by dual isotopic analysis of mineral associated soil organic matter. Biogeochemistry, 112, 111-125


Mayorga E, Aufdenkampe AK, Masiello CA, Krusche AV, Hedges JI, Quay PD, Richey JE, Brown TA (2005). Young organic matter as a source of carbon dioxide outgassing from Amazonian rivers. Nature 436: 538-541.


Atmospheric Chemistry

LaFranchi BW, Pétron G, Miller JB, Lehman SJ, Andrews AE, Dlugokencky EJ, Hall B, Miller BR, Montzka SA, Neff W, Novelli PC, Sweeney C, Turnbull JC, Wolfe DE, Tans PP, Gurney KR, Guilderson TP. (2013). Constraints on emissions of carbon monoxide, methane, and a suite of hydrocarbons in the Colorado Front Range using observations of 14CO2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 11101-11120.


Graven HD, Guilderson T P, Keeling RF. (2012). Observations of ∆14C in CO2 at 7 global sampling sites in the Scripps flask network: Analysis of spatial gradients and seasonal cycles. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 117, D02303.


Graven HD, Guilderson TP, Keeling RF, (2011). Observations of ∆14C in CO2 at La Jolla, California, 1992-2007: Analysis of the long-term trend. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 117, D02302.


Turnbull JC, Karion A, Fischer ML, Faloona I, Guilderson T, Lehman SJ, Miller BR, Miller JB, Montzka S, Sherwood T, Saripalli S, Sweeney C, Tans PP. (2011). Measurement of Fossil Fuel Derived Carbon Dioxide and Other Anthropogenic Trace Gases Above Sacramento, California in Spring 2009. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 705-721.


Graven HD, Stephens BB, Guilderson TP, Campos TL, Schimel DS, Campbell E, Keeling KF (2009). Vertical profiles of biogenic and fossil fuel-derived CO2 from airborne measurements of ∆14CO2 and CO2 above Colorado. Tellus B Mar 5 2009.


Schichtel B, Malm W, Bench G, Fallon S, McDade C, Chow J, Watson J. (2008). Fossil and Contemporary Fine Carbon Fractions at 12 Rural and Urban Sites in the United States. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D02311, (2008),


Bench G, Fallon S, Schichtel B, Malm W, McDade, C. (2007) Relative Contributions of Fossil and Contemporary Carbon sources to PM 2.5 Aerosols at Nine Interagency Monitoring for Protection of Visual Environments (IMPROVE) Network Sites. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D10205.


Bench G, Herkes, P. (2004) Measurement of Contemporary and Fossil Carbon Contents of PM 2.5 Aerosols: Results from Turtleback Dome, Yosemite National Park. Environmental Science and Technology. 38, 2424-2427


Earth System Processes Studies

A chronology of Holocene and Little Ice Age glacier culminations of the Steingletscher, Central Alps, Switzerland, based on high-sensitivity beryllium-10 moraine dating. (2014) . Schimmelpfennig I, Schaefer JM, Akçar N, Koffman T, Ivy-Ochs S, Schwartz R, Finkel RC, Zimmerman S, Schlüchter C. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 393: 220-230


Johnson JS, Bentley MJ, Smith JA, Finkel RC, Rood DH, Gohl K, Balco G, Larter RD, Schaefer JM. (2014) Rapid Thinning of Pine Island Glacier in the Early Holocene. Science 343: 999-1001.


Putnam AE, Schaefer JM, Barrell DJA, Andersen BG , Koffman TNB, Rowan AV, Finkel RC, Rood DH, Schwartz R, (2013). Warming and glacier recession in the Rakaia valley, Southern Alps of New Zealand, during Heinrich Stadial 1. Earth and Planetray Science Letters 382: 98-110.


Putnam AE, Schaefer JM, Denton GH, Barrell DJA, Finkel RC, Andersen BG, Schwartz R, Chinn TJH, Doughty AM. (2012). Regional climate control of glaciers in New Zealand and Europe during the pre-industrial Holocene. Nature Geoscience 5, 627–630.


Schimmelpfennig I, Schaffer, JM, Akcar, N, Ivy-Ochs, S, Finkel RC, Schluchter C. (2012), "Holocene glacier culminations in the Western Alps and their hemispheric relevance." Geology, 40: 891-894.


Young NE, Briner JP, Stewart HAM, Axford Y, Csatho B, Rood DH, Finkel RC. (2011) Response of Jakobshavn Isbrae Greenland, to Holocene climate change. Geology 39: 131-134.


Seong YB, Owen LA, Yi CL Finkel RC. (2009) Quaternary glaciation of Muztag Ata and Kongur Shan: Evidence for glacier response to rapid climate changes throughout the Late Glacial and Holocene in westernmost Tibet. Geological Society of America Bulletin 121: 348-365.


Owen, LA , Caffee, MW , Finkel, RC Seong, YB . (2008) Quaternary glaciation of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogeny. Journal of Quaternary Science 23: 513-531.


Frankel KL , Brantley KS, Dolan JF , Finkel RC, Klinger RE , Knott JR, Machette MN, Owen, LA , Phillips FM , Slate JL, Wernicke, BP . (2007). Cosmogenic Be-10 and Cl-36 geochronology of offset alluvial fans along the northern Death Valley fault zone: Implications for transient strain in the eastern California shear zone. Journal of Geophysical Research- Solid Earth 112, B06407.


Owen LA , Finkel RC , Haizhou M , Barnard PL. (2006). Late Quaternary landscape evolution in the Kunlun Mountains and Qaidam Basin, Northern Tibet: A framework for examining the links between glaciation, lake level changes and alluvial fan formation. Quaternary International 154: 73-86.


Stock GM, Anderson RS, Finkel RC (2004) Pace of landscape evolution in the Sierra Nevada, California, revealed by cosmogenic dating of cave sediments. Geology 32: 193-186


Ecological Sciences

Crowley BE, Godfrey LR. Guilderson TP, Koch PL, Dominy NJ. (2012). Extinction and ecological retreat in a community of primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 2279, 3597-3605.


Houlbrèque F, McCulloch M, Roark B, Guilderson T, Meibom A, Kimball J, Mortimer G, Cuif, J-P, Dunbar R. (2010). Uranium-series dating and growth characteristics of the deep-sea scleractinian coral: Enallopsammia rostrata from the Equatorial Pacific, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 74, 2380-2395.


Dalling JW, Brown TA. (2009) Long-term persistence of pioneer species in tropical rain forest soil seed banks. American Naturalist, 173, 531-535.


Roark EB, Guilderson TP, Dunbar RB, Fallon S, Mucciarone DA. (2009). Extreme longevity in proteinaceous deep-sea corals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 5204-5208.


Roark EB, Guilderson TP, Dunbar RB, Ingram BL. (2006). Radiocarbon based ages and growth rates: Hawaiian deep-sea corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 327, 1-14.

Geochronology and Paleoclimate

Reimer PJ, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, Buck CE, Cheng H, Lawrence Edwards RL, Friedrich M, Grootes PM, Guilderson TP, Haflidason H, Hajdas I, Hatté C, Heaton TJ, Hoffmann DL, Hogg AG, Hughen KA, Kaiser KF, Kromer B, Manning SW, Niu M, Reimer RW, Richards DA, Scott EM, Southon JR, Staff RA, Turney CSM, van der Plicht J., (2013). INTCAL13 and MARINE13 Radiocarbon age calibration curves 0-50,000 years CAL BP. Radiocarbon, 55, 1923-1945.


Hogg AH, Hua, Q, Blackwell PG, Niu M, Buck CE, Guilderson TP, Heaton TJ, Palmer JG, Reimer PJ, Reimer RW, Turney CSM, Zimmerman SRH. (2013). SHCAL13: Southern hemisphere calibrations, 0-50,000 year cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55, 1889-1905.


Kirby, M.E., Zimmerman, S.R., Patterson, W.P., Rivera. J.J., (2012). A 9170-Year record of centennial-to-multi centennial scale pluvial events from coastal southwest North America: A role for atmospheric rivers. Quaternary Science Reviews, 46, 57-65.


Zimmerman, S.R.H., Hemming, S.R., Hemming, N.G., Tomascak, P.B., and Pearl. C., (2011). High-resolution chemostratigraphic record of late Pleistocene lake-level variability, Mono Lake, CA. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 123, 2320-2334.


Zimmerman, S.H., Hemming, S.R., Kent, D.V., and Searle, S.Y., (2006). Revised chronology for late Pleistocene Mono Lake sediments based on paleointensity correlation to the global reference curve. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 252, 94-106.


Guilderson, T. P., Reimer, P. J., and Brown, T. A., (2005). Timing is Everything: The Boon and Bane of 14C Geochronology. Science, 307, 362-364.


Near Instrumental Climate Variability (Land/Ocean)

Feakins SJ, Kirby M, Cheetham MI, Ibarra, Y, and Zimmerman SRH. (2014). Fluctuations in leaf wax D/H ratios from a southern California lake record significant variability in isotopes in precipitation during the late Holocene. Organic Geochemistry, 66, 48-59.


Guilderson TP, Fallon SJ, Moore M, Schrag DP, Charles CD. (2009). Seasonally Resolved Surface Water ∆14C Variability in the Lombok Strait: a Coralline Perspective. J. Geophysical Research 114, C07029.


Fallon SJ, Guilderson TP. (2008). Surface water processes in the Indonesian Throughflow as documented by a high-resolution coral D14C record. J. Geophysical Research, 113, C09001.


Kilbourne KH, Quinn TM, Guilderson TP, Webb RS, Taylor FW. (2007). Decadal to interannual-scale source water variations in the Caribbean Sea recorded by Puerto Rican coral radiocarbon. Climate Dynamics. 29, 51-62.


Ocean Biogeochemistry

Cherrier J, Sarkodee-Adoo J, Guilderson TP, Chanton, JP. (2014). Fossil carbon in particulate organic matter in the Gulf of Mexico following theDeepwater Horizon event. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 1, 1, 108-112.


Sherwood, O. A., Guilderson, T. P., Batista, F. C., Schiff, J. T., and McCarthy, M. D. (2014). Increasing subtropical North Pacific Ocean nitrogen fixation since the Little Ice Age. Nature, 505, 78-81.


Walker, B. D., Guilderson, T. P., Okimura, K. M., Peacock, M. B., and McCarthy, M. D., (2013). Radiocarbon signatures and size-age-composition: relationships of major organic matter pools within a unique California upwelling system. Geochim et Cosmochim Acta, 126, 1-17.


LaVigne, M., Hill, T. M., Spero, H. J., and Guilderson, T. P., (2011). Bamboo coral Ba/Ca: Calibration of a new deep ocean refractory nutrient proxy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 312, 506-515.


McCarthy, M.D., Beaupre, S.R., Walker, B.D., Voparil, I., Guilderson, T.P., and Druffel, E.R.M., (2010). Chemosynthetic origin of 14C-depleted dissolved organic matter in a ridge-flank hydrothermal system. Nature Geoscience, 4, 32-36.


Roland, L. A., McCarthy, M. D., and Guilderson, T. P., (2008). Investigating sources of molecularly uncharacterized organic carbon in sinking particles from three ocean basins: a coupled Δ14C/δ13C approach. Marine Chemistry, 111, 199-213.


Environmental Radiochemistry

Guilderson TP, Tumey SJ, Brown TA, Buesseler K.O. (2013). The 129Iodine content of subtropical Pacific waters: Impact of Fukushima and other anthropogenic 129I sources. Biogeoscience Discussions, 10, 19935–19968


Tumey SJ, Guilderson TP, Brown TA, Broek T, Buesseler K.O. (2013). Input of 129-I into the western Pacific ocean resulting from the Fukushima nuclear event. Methods and Applications of Radioanalytical Chemistry, 296, 957-962


Tumey SJ, Brown TA, Hamilton TF Hillegonds DJ. (2009) Further Development of Sr-90 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 282, 821-824.

Hamilton TF, Jernstroem J, Martinelli RE, Kehl SR, Eriksson M, Williams RW, Bielewski M, Rivers A, Brown TA, Tumey SJ, Betti M. (2009). Frequency distribution, isotopic composition and physical characterization of plutonium-bearing particles from the Fig-Quince zone on Runit Island, Enewetak Atoll. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 282, 1019-1026.

Instrumentation and Methods

Thomas AT, Stewart BJ, Ognibene TJ, Turteltaub KW, and Bench G. (2013) Directly Coupled High-Performance Liquid Chromatography− Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Measurement of Chemically Modified Protein and Peptides. Analytical Chemistry 85(7): 3644−50.


Zimmerman SRH, Steponaitis E, Hemming SR, Zermeño P. (2012). Potential for accurate and precise radiocarbon ages in deglacial-age lacustrine carbonates. Quaternary Geochronology, 13, 81-91.


Thomas AT, Ognibene T, Daley P, Turteltaub K, Radousky H, and Bench G. (2011) Ultra-high efficiency moving wire combustion interface for online coupling of HPLC. Analytical Chemistry 83(24): 9413-27.


Reimer PJ, Brown TA., Reimer RW. (2004). Discussion: Reporting and calibration of post-bomb 14C data. Radiocarbon, 46 (3), 1299-1304.

Ognibene TJ, Bench G, Brown TA, Vogel JS. (2004) The LLNL accelerator mass spectrometry system for biochemical 14C-measurements. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms. 223–224: 12–15.


McAninch JE, Hamilton TF, Brown TA, Jokela TA, Knezovich JP, Ognibene TJ, Proctor ID, Roberts ML, Sideras-Haddad E, Southon JR, Vogel JS. (2000). Plutonium measurements by accelerator mass spectrometry at LLNL Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms 172: 711-716


Turteltaub KW, Felton JS, Gledhill BL, Vogel JS, Southon JR, Caffee MW, Finkel RC, Nelson DE, Proctor ID, Davis JC (1990) Accelerator mass spectrometry in biomedical dosimetry: relationship between low-level exposure and covalent binding of heterocyclic amine carcinogens to DNA. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA, 87: 5288-5292


Sample Preparation

Ognibene TJ, Bench G, Vogel JS, Peaslee GF, Murov S. (2003) A High-Throughput Method for the Conversion of CO2 Obtained from Biochemical Samples to Graphite in Septa-Sealed Vials for 14C-AMS Quantification. Analytical Chemistry 75(9):2192-6.


Buchholz BA, Freeman SPHT, Haack KW and Vogel JS (2000) Tips and traps in the C-14 bio-AMS preparation laboratory. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms 172: 404-408.


Vogel JS (1992). Rapid Production of Graphite Without Contamination for Biomedical AMS. Radiocarbon 34(3): 344-350.